YOU ARE HERE:>>REAL or FAKE>>Fake Roman brooches, section 4.
Wheares one certainly does find ancient brooches with intact pins, nevertheless a very large number of perfectly genuine Roman bronze brooches coming from The Balkans in particular have new pins usually of coper rather than the more common original iron ones which rust away. Many brooches have new articially aged new spring coils as well, again often in copper.
These are frequently quite apparent in good photgraphs and several good sellers openly declare that their brooches have such restorations.
Thanks to Renate for many of these the photographs.
You can see that fake patina is sometimes painted on to make them look a little better.
Oddly, the replacement axis bar is sometimes simply a splinter of wood or even a matchstick!
Not only new pins are put on broken brooches but whole springs and pins and these are sometimes taken from other broken brooches or more usually, simply new artifially aged copper wire.
As I mentioned above, not only new pins are put on broken brooches but whole springs and pins and these are often taken from other broken brooches.
So you need to make sure the spring chord is in the right position for that type of brooch.
For example, this brooch has a replaced spring and chord: and the chord is in the wrong place.
The bow on this fibula is too flat to accommodate the chord between the bow and the pin.
Looking at these near parallels it’s worth remembering that brooches of this form which have 'outside' chords are cheap simple ones with flattish bows and they don't have a suspension loop.
A close parallel of this type with suspension loop is “Hattatt number 1245” : but it does have the chord under the bow of course.
You can find an outline of the principal types of Continental brooches of the Roman period here.
To decide if a brooch has the chord spring in the right place refer to this useful book.
A Visual Catalogue of Richard Hattatt's Ancient Brooches
ISBN: 1842170260. paperback edition - 400 pages (2000).
Richard Hattatt had a lifelong interest in archeology...focused on brooches. He rapidly built up an important collection. The lack of easily obtainable reference books prompted him to write his own--four of them. Each brooch is described in detail and illustrated with a meticulous drawing, and there are lots of additional notes on comparable types. His four books remain a record of the collection (that has now been deposited in museums and sold privately.) The 'Visual Catalogue' is a last-minute addition to his fourth book; he prepared it originally for his own use, and realizing how often he used it, he decided to include it in the book.
This book is a visual index to his previous four larger book which are difficult to get.
I have a few copies of the visual gude at £19 plus p&p.
And speaking of Hattatt>>>>>>
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